Project Title : Marvellous Mangroves in China Type : Education Location : Based in Xiamen, Southern China Start Date / End Date : On going Started 2009 Collaborators, Partners and Supporters : Chinese Mangrove Conservation Network (CMCN), Zhanjiang Mangrove National Nature Reserve (ZMNNR)
For the past 14 years thousands of teachers and over 200,000 students in 10 countries worldwide have learned indepth about mangrove ecology in their countries and the world. This formal education curriculum is linked with the national curriculum in each country for which it is specifically adapted and, usually, translated into the native language. In 2012 MAP launched the Chinese version of its Marvellous Mangroves Curriculum in southern Chinese schools. The 300+ page guide has been translated and adapted for use with Chinese schools and two workshops have been held to date. The first was held in Gaoqiao, Guangdong Province, and the second in Xiamen, Fujian Province. A total of 90 teachers and educators took part in the 3 days workshops and have since introduced the curriculum into their schools. However, to continue to expand this project working conjunction with our Chinese partners, we need funding.
Highlights / Milestones
2009 MAP Education Director Martin Keeley visits Zhanjiang, Guangdong Province, at the request of the ZMNNR.
Translation and adaptation of the curriculum begins
2010 Martin Keeley returns to Zhanjiang and conducts review and development of the translated and adapted version of Marvellous Mangroves with local educators and scientists.
2012 Launch of the Chinese/Mandarin version of Marvellous Mangroves.
May 2012 First 3 day workshop with 36 educators held jointly with ZMNNR in Gaoqiao, Guangdong Province.
June 2012 Zhanjiang local educators declare Marvellous Mangroves Day for students and teachers using what they have learned at the workshop.
December, 2012 Second 3 day teachers’ workshop for 40 educators held jointly with CMCN in Xiamen, Fujian Province.
$10,000 required for each new Chinese workshop for 40 to 50 teachers:
Publication of 50+ copies of Marvellous Mangroves…………………$ 1,000.00
Rental of hall plus lunches and dinners for participants……………..$ 2,000.00
Field trip transportation rentals etc…………………………..…………$ 500.00
Transportation and accommodation for 50 teachers for 3 days……$ 3,000.00
Travel and accommodation for MAP Workshop Coordinator………$ 3,500.00
Project Title : Marvellous Mangroves in Bangladesh Type : Education Location : Khulna and the Sundarbans, Bangladesh Start Date / End Date : September 2013 – ongoing Collaborators, Partners and Supporters : Coastal Livelihood and Evironmental Action Network (CLEAN), University of Khulna, Bangladesh Schools: Laudob Badamtala High, Dacope, Khulna, Comrade Ratan Sen Collegiate Girls (Primary and Secondary), Surkhali High School, Channir Chak Collegiate, Borobari Secondary, Kakrabunia Regd Primary, Kamarkghola Govt. Primary, Kalinagar Govt. Primary, Nalian Forest Govt. Primary, Protyashito Ardasha, Baraikhali Primary.
In 2013 MAP began work with its partners in on the Bangladesh version of t Marvellous Mangroves Curriculum at intensive workshops in Khulna, Bangladesh. There then followed a year of translation into Bengali as well as adaptation for the use of MM in Bangladeshi schools. The 350 page guide was completed in December, 2015, by our partner, Coastal Livelihood and Environmental Network (CLEAN) – formerly Humanity Watch – which has a long tradition of working with communities throughout the Sundarbans mangrove forest, at 16,000 square kilometers the largest contiguous mangrove forest in the world and home to the Royal Bengal tiger. CLEAN was formerly known as Humanity Watch, whose work has included working with the forest peoples on biodiversity, agriculture and rural livelihoods, humanitarian advocacy, economic justice and community-based resource management. In addition, several schools in the region surrounding the Sundarbans are participating in the process of linking MM to the National Curriculum, and – following the successful MM workshop in December/January 2014/15 – working to introduce MM into regional schools through a series of teacher workshops.
Future Marvellous Mangroves work in Bangladesh will include:
Working with teachers from the initial workshop to introduce Marvellous Mangroves into regional and later national schools.
Work on the incorporation of the Marvellous Mangroves curriculum into the national Bangladesh school curriculum. This will take several years and require extensive meetings and workshops with the various bureaucrats involved on a regional and national level. It will take place concurrently with the teacher training and related workshops.
Development and implementation of an EE module where the students and teachers learn the principles of Ecological Mangrove Restoration (EMR) as part of the course. This already exists in a simplified form, but need expansion and more detailed information.
Interface with the Environmental Science and other Science Faculties at the University of Khulna to ensure monitoring and integration of the data collected as well as establishing a science “path” for students who have attended Marvellous Mangroves workshops and the Science Clubs to follow.
Providing a regularly available boat for school students to visit Sundarbans and nearby wetlands for first hand knowledge.
Development of an interactive website on the Sundarbans mangrove forest with detailed information on flora and fauna, ecosystem, threats, potential and management approaches.
Highlights / Milestones
July 2013 MAP Education Director Martin Keeley visits Khulna, Bangladesh, and runs a series of introductory workshops organized by CLEAN – operating at the time as Humanity Watch
September, 2013 – Translation and adaptation of the curriculum begins
December, 2014 – final draft of the curriculum completed and published
December, 2014 – January 2015 – 5 day Marvellous Mangroves Teachers’ Workshop with two students and two teachers from each of six regional schools, as well as specialised support staff from CLEAN. Two days of the workshops are held in Khulna and three days on board a live-a-board boat that explores several sites in the Sundarbans while, at the same time, conducting a variety of activities including water quality testing, microscopic analysis of water samples and bird and animal observation with binoculars and a spotting scope.
January 2015 – Establishment of Science Clubs begins at the six schools involved in the workshop.
The annual cost over the next five years to implement the program described above is $46,500.00
Operation of five teacher workshops @ $3,500 each……………………$17,500.00
Support of Sundarbans Science Clubs (including purchasing of
microscopes, binoculars, books, water testing equipment etc.)………..$10,000.00
Leasing of live-aboard boat for Sundarbans explorations/research……$ 6,000.00
Travel & Accommodation for MAP Co-ordinator. 2 trips @ $4,000……..$ 8,000.00
Publication of 500 copies of Marvellous Mangroves/Bangladesh……….$ 5,000.00 …………………………………………………………………TOTAL…………………$46,500.00
Project Title : Mangrove Restoration and Reforestation in Asia, a Project for Knowledge Exchange and Action to Protect Climate change, Forest and Biodiversity Type : CBEMR Location : India, Sri Lanka, Cambodia and Thailand Start Date / End Date : 2012 – 2015 Collaborators, Partners and Supporters : Funded by the Ministry or Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and the Foundation Ursula Merz; partnered with the Center for Research on New International Economic Order (CReNIEO), India, the Fisheries Action Coalition Team (FACT), Cambodia, the Nagenahiru Foundation, Sri Lanka, the EMACE Foundation, Sri Lanka; and the Global Nature Fund of Germany, the project holder.
MAP-Asia is one of the five project implementers in this four-year project. This new project is led by the Global Nature Fund and is generously being funded by the Ministry or Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and the Foundation Ursula Merz, both of Germany.
MAP-Asia will be restoring 10 hectares of mangrove using Community-Based Ecological Mangrove Restoration (CBEMR) in coastal Trang Province, Thailand; building community capacity and awareness; undertaking a biodiversity study; and developing a conservation management plan, amongst other actions. MAP plans to restore the hydrology of abandoned shrimp ponds and other sites currently without sufficient tidal exchange and then allow nature do the seeding. As part of the project launch workshop in Krabi, Thailand in March, MAP-Asia held a three-day CBEMR training workshop for the partner organizations. This training helped partners to incorporate the best CBEMR practices into mangrove planting projects and use CBEMR at pilot demonstration sites. Building local capacity to prevent further destruction of mangroves will also be an important aspect of the project.
This CBEMR and sustainable livelihood work in Trang Province will soon be expanded through a new MAP project set for 2013, Ecosystems Protecting Infrastructure and Communities (EPIC), funded by the Government of Germany and led by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). EPIC seeks new evidence for the capacity of healthy and well-managed ecosystems to prevent or mitigate disasters from tsunamis and the extreme weather events provoked by climate change. Mangroves’ ability to protect coastal communities was dramatically highlighted by the 2004 tsunami- where mangroves had earlier been destroyed, the loss of life was much greater. Through EPIC, MAP will restore abandoned shrimp ponds and former rice paddies to mangroves using CBEMR.
The following is from the Global Nature Fund Project Page: In conjunction with four project partners over 100 hectares of the degraded mangrove forests will be reforested. Additionally, data on all animal and plant species occurring in the area will be collected. They will serve as the basis for the development of country-specific long term protection concepts. To relieve pressure on the eco-systems in the long run, opportunities of alternative income generation will be developed in conjunction with the local population. Additionally, within the framework of environmental education programmes, the people shall be motivated to practice sustainable behaviour and lifestyle.
Another goal is the establishment of an international network for the protection of mangroves, which will regularly meet to discuss activities and exchange experiences and knowledge, which will be published in a guidebook.
Highlights / Milestones
From the Global Nature Fund project page: The designated areas will be prepared prior to the mangrove restoration. The necessary mangroves will be grown in tree nurseries and so-called “household or community gardens”.. In Thailand, the areas are restored according to the very successful EMR (Ecological Mangrove Restoration), a “gentle” method working with nature which is based on the natural regeneration of forests. Additionally, all partners will collect data on the population and diversity of species in order to prepare a long term conservation concept. They will also meet regularly to exchange information on the success of the activities.The local population will be closely involved in the implementation of the measures. In addition to their collaboration in the tree nurseries, environmental education centers and demonstration gardens will be established to inform school classes, tourists and local residents about the importance of and threats to mangroves, and conservation measures as well as the sustainable use of the mangrove ecosystems.
130,780 Euro (BMZ 75%, MAP 15%, GNF-Merz Foundation 10%)
Project Title : Restoration Training Course on Ecological Mangrove and Demonstrating Ecological Mangrove Restoration Type : CBEMR Location : Ban Talae Nok, Sumsamran District, Ranong Province, Thailand Start Date / End Date : Dec. 13th, 2009; 2009-2010 Collaborators, Partners and Supporters : Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ – Germany), International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN); Mangroves for the Future (MFF)
The CBEMR training took place over two days within two locations (Ban Tale Nok, Ranong Province and Krabi Town, Krabi Province). It involved field trips to both MAP-Asia EMR project sites where participants were presented with discussions regarding issues faced by each. The training involved a mixture of presentations, learning exercises, and Q&A sessions. The final session involved an in-depth review and reflection discussion on the EMR process and overall training.
The goals of the training were:
1) to engage and empower the Ban Talae Nok community fully in the mangrove restoration process;
2) to train the community in CBEMR methodology; 3) with community engagement, to restore mangroves to 2.4 ha of abandoned shrimp ponds;
3) to establish a demonstration of alternative livelihoods;
4) to revise the EMR manual from participant input; and
5) to work with the community to develop a community-specific mangrove resource management plan.
The training workshop activities included consultations with community and stakeholders to obtain a buy-in and to reach a resolution of land tenure issues in order to secure the restoration site. The workshop also included a restoration site survey and a reference forest site study, with the goal of restoring the natural hydrology to the abandoned shrimp pond site. Participants were engaged in Nypa planting, supplementary livelihood development, and community capacity building in natural resource management. The CBEMR workshop was documented on video for future study and posterity.
Highlights / Milestones
The community was fully engaged in the project, including the BNT Youth Group, which was an unexpected positive outcome. A restoration site survey (mapped on 5m grid using an auto level to measure strata height) and reference study were completed, and hydrology was restored to the site with hand digging participation by 36 villagers. This increased community participation and the sense of ownership of the project. MAP discovered there is better control with hand-digging, the villagers get sweat equity, and the project and funds stay within the community. The physical work of adjusting the hydrology of the site involved MAP staff and villagers working together which also helped develop a stronger relationship.
Villagers provided feedback that they have seen a noticeable increase in both vertebrates and invertebrates at each restoration site – at Tam Rak, there are more oysters and clams. The villagers also indicated the need to simplify the technical language in the Thai language version of the EMR manual.
0.64 ha of mangroves were restored using EMR principles and methods. Nypa Palm planting was completed on 1/3 of the site; the plants were obtained from the community’s own nursery. This helped build stewardship and will help improve alternative livelihoods (thatch and cigarette rollers made from Nypa). A 10-minute video of the EMR process at Ban Talae Nok was recorded, which has become a useful teaching tool. The site at Ban Talae Nok is now used as a demonstration site and regularly visited by study groups, homestay tourists and students. The demonstration site supports the Ban Tale Nok village homestay project which is utilized by study group visits.
Project Title : Question Your Shrimp Advocacy Campaign Type : conscious consumerism Location : Seattle, WA, USA Start Date / End Date : 2010 – present Collaborators, Partners and Supporters : This project has been generously supported by Patagonia, Munson, the Leiter Foundation and the Foundation for Deep Ecology. Collaborators in the campaign are Food and Water Watch, Go Wild Campaign, Slow Food, the Chef’s Collaborative, RedManglar, ASIA, AMN, FPP and SSNC.
Question Your Shrimp is a multi-pronged multi-media campaign to reduce consumption of imported farmed shrimp in the Seattle-King County area by 20% in order to counter one of the major root causes of mangrove ecosystem destruction world-wide, The shrimp-farming industry. Working in concert with a consortium of other environmental organizations, conscientious consumers, environmentally-aware restaurateurs and seafood retailers, and cadres of dedicated volunteers, the Question Your Shrimp campaign will model a grass roots market based campaign that will significantly reduce this consumer demand, initially in the Seattle/King County Area., with the goal of creating a sustainable model that can be brought to scale throughout the US, Canada, and Europe to achieve a global impact.
Mangrove destruction has many causes, but the number one today is the uncontrolled meteoric growth of the shrimp farming industry in the developing world. Worldwide, over a million hectares of mangrove forests have been destroyed by shrimp farming alone–and this in only in the last three decades! Vast stretches of mangrove forests are cleared to make way for shrimp ponds. Shrimp farms replace diverse, multiple resource environments with large-scale mono-culture operations. The shrimp industry has been aptly labeled a “slash and burn” enterprise, leaving in its wake ecological destruction. Shrimp aquaculture has become a global industry that has an annual farm-gate value of over $8 billion dollars, and an annual retail value of over $50-$60 billion dollars. It has great profit potential for the astute investor and entrepreneur. Spurred on by governments eager for increased export dollars, shrimp aquaculture development has been aided by generous support and incentives from international lending institutes, including the World Bank.
To counter these market forces that are devastating global mangrove forests and the indigenous peoples and local communities who rely on them, MAP proposes to utilize those very same market forces to, if not stop, at least significantly slow down this uncontrolled expansion to allow time for the development and dissemination of sustainable, ecological, and just alternatives. The precipitous expansion of the farmed shrimp industry depends on incremental consumer demand in developed countries; there is evidence that perhaps only a 10% decline in demand and sales of farmed shrimp will suffice to slow or even halt the uncontrolled growth.
Highlights / Milestones
A total of 23 restaurants, 4 individual chefs, and 2 markets in Seattle have signed the Chef’s Pledge to not purchase or serve tropical farmed shrimp. Several hundred consumers have also signed the companion Consumer’s Pledge at events such as the Fremont Fair.
In 2012, Lisa Pau, a labor rights attorney with a Masters of Law (L.L.M.) in Sustainable International Development, joined MAP as the new Outreach and Volunteer Coordinator, based in Seattle. She builds strategic relationships and partnerships with the Seattle philanthropic and environmental communities and recruits and supports MAP’s growing cadre of volunteers, including college interns working on the QYS campaign.
To better connect MAP with potential supporters and to support our Question Your Shrimp Campaign, we began renting office space at the Community Alliance for Global Justice in the International District in Seattle. There we will be able to further build up our consortium of supportive groups and better situate our new volunteers.
Project Title : Phra Thong Island Community Conservation Center Type : Coastal Community Resource Center Location : Ban Lion Village, Phra Thong Island, Phang Nga, Thailand Start Date / End Date : 2008 – present Collaborators, Partners and Supporters : Andaman Discoveries; Lions Foundation International of Thailand; Planeterra Foundation/Student Travel Association (STA); Naucrates
MAP has been working on the island of Phra Thong on the Andaman coast of Thailand since 2008. The island has diverse and abundant marine resources, including mangrove and seagrass. MAP has promoted their protection through sustainable management and the development of alternative livelihoods for local people. To support this work, MAP-Asia was very pleased to receive new funding from the Pacific Asia Tourism Association (PATA) Foundation. MAP’s project “Coastal Community Resource Centre Development and Nature Guide Training for Koh Phra Thong Lions and Tha Pae Yoi Villages Eco-tourism Groups” was selected as one of the three winners of the 2012 PATA Foundation grant program. The funds supported the training of local community members to be eco-guides for kayak ecotourism in the mangroves, develop an island eco-guide for visitors, and provide solar power for the Coastal Community Resource Center (CCRC) in Ban Lion Village.
The CCRC also functions as a visitor center; a base for the sea-turtle research and conservation of MAP’s partner, the Italian NGO Naucrates; has displays promoting environmental awareness of Phra Island’s ecosystems for community members and visitors; and serves as a base for the sea grass ecosystem conservation research work of MAP advisor Dr. Barry Bendell. The Center also provides space to market natural tie-dye handicraft from the women’s cooperative started with MAP support following the 2004 tsunami. MAP provided leadership in establishing CCRC and equipping it.
1) Community capacity building in biodiversity;
2) community capacity building in sustainable livelihood development;
3) demonstration site for green technologies (solar power, rainwater harvesting, recycling);
4) site for Environmental Education, mangrove/coastal ecology research
A wide range of activities are underway or planned for the CCRC including:
School Children’s Environmental Education
Sea Turtle & Sea Grass Conservation
Mangrove Conservation, Restoration, and Management
Community-Based Tourism with homestay and Eco-tourism programs
Women’s Handicraft development as a supplementary livelihood
Green Practices Demonstrations
Visitor Center with Ecosystem Exhibits & Displays
Highlights / Milestones:
1) Establishment of the Women’s Tie-Dye Cooperative established generating sustainable alternative income following the 2004 tsunami;
2) Development of a training course in bird-watching (Sept 2011);
3) Hosted Youth International Volunteers Programme (Oct 2011) and North Andaman Youth Seminar (Oct 2011)
Most recent activity: In September 2012, 5 adults and 15 youth from the village of Tae Pae Yoi, both boys and girls, received an intensive 2-day training in kayak eco-tourism, led by facilitators from MAP-Asia, John Gray’s Sea Canoe, and Andaman Discoveries. They learned kayak operation, safety, and navigation, and then had ample time to practice their new skills navigating through the local mangroves.
Leaders and community members of Ta Pae Yoi are now actively planning how to move forward with the eco-tourism program, which will involve tourists doing homestays at the two bungalows already ready for use (with plans for four more). Activities planned include kayak tours, fishing trips, cooking lessons, bicycle touring, bird watching and traditional dancing. This homestay program will enable the villagers to derive sustainable livelihoods from their mangroves, while providing an opportunity for the villagers to learn more about their own environment.
Island exploration, homestays, turtle conservation, and volunteer opportunities
Offers visitors a chance to visit one of Thailand’s least developed islands
Extraordinary biodiversity includes turtles, dugongs, dolphins and the Lessor Adjutant Stork
Project Title : In the Hands of Fishers Workshop #8 Type : IHOF Workshop Location : Koh Kong Province, Cambodia Start Date / End Date : August 11-14, 2003 Collaborators, Partners and Supporters : Supported by the Open Society Institute; partnered with the Participatory Management of Mangrove Resources (PMMR)
MAP’s 8th IHOF workshop brought together participants from the 1st IHOF in 1999, completing a “round robin” the IHOF cycle. The IHOF workshops provide a forum for fisherfolk to learn from each other, access new ideas, strengthen their roles as community leaders; to promote concepts of co-management or community-based management; to provide opportunities for participants to witness successful projects/models they can apply back home; and to develop networks among local peoples and NGOs for information exchange and problem solving across national boundaries. Participants included 52 fisherfolk and NGO leaders. 34 individuals hailed from Cambodia (Sre Ambel, Tonle Sap, Koh Kong Fisherfolk; PMMR, AFSC, FACT, CFDO, WWF, CEP, CZM, OXFAM, CFSP), 9 from Thailand (Koh Yao Noi and Ban Pred Nai Fisherfolk, RECOFTC, CBET, REST), Sri Lanka-7 (SFFL), and 2 from Myanmar (MSN).
The 4-day IHOF workshop included: a) presentations by attending fisherfolk; b) field trips to local villages and the Peam Krasop Wildlife Sanctuary; c) NGO’s presentations on Community-Based Community Resource Management (CBCRM) efforts; d) 2 hands-on toolkit workshops: one on improved cook-stoves; other on creating village savings group and making food products from mangroves, such as herbal mangrove crackers, sweet and spicy Graspid crabs.
The Small Fishers Federation of Lanka (SFFL) made a presentation of its programs, highlighting especially mangrove plantings, mangrove-based livelihoods, and CCRC. Other fisherfolk presented their programs, shared challenges and accomplishments Koh Yao Noi shared on the Community-Based Tourism in Thailand. The Ban Pred Nai Fisherfolk discussed the eradication of shrimp farming; implementation of forest inventory and a Forest Management Plan, trust fund for loans for farmers, community monitoring and sustainable fish farming. The Peasm Krasop Wildlife Sanctuary (PKWS) presented on local community use and management of the sanctuary. Cambodian participant group Sre Ambel presented on sustainable fisheries livelihoods with community management and monitoring. Tonel Sap, also from Cambodia, presented on fisherfolk input to provincial government in relation to fishing practices.
Presentations were also made on the field trips to Koh Yao Noi and Bam Pred Nai and PKWS dialogues with the villagers. Participants shared what they learned from field trips and concepts to bring home, such as: village management committees for conservation; methods to stop illegal practices such as patrolling groups, signage with regulations; better cooperation with the government; regulation of local fishing: e.g. trawlers keep distanced from coast, disallow coastal bag nets in channels; create strategies for seagrass management; and learning garbage/solid waste management. A presentation on the Tiwoho CCRC, highlighting use of local building materials (bamboo) and the uses of CCRCs sparked a great deal of interest , including discussions about setting up CCRC at PKWS and other places. A hands-on cooking exercise by CFSP showed the advantage of Samaki improved cookstoves and participants were given opportunities to follow up.
The workshop confirmed MAP’s local-global-local paradigm for problem-solving. First, fisherfolk are involved in local investigations and identification of community-level problems. Next, fisherfolk search globally (internationally) for information to clarify and resolve community issues. IHOF provides the forum for these discussions. Finally, fisherfolk go home and act locally.
Highlights / Milestones
Following the workshop, the Chuoy Pros Seagrass Conservation Area was established by 4 coastal communities in Cambodia as a “Community Federation.”
In Cambodia, a village environmental waste management project was started with seed funding and help from PMCR to implement garbage bins, regular waste collection, and waste pits; in Koh Kapii, organic waste is composted and used in family gardens. The Koh Kyong Community Fishery Project in Cambodia was able to appropriate a community coastal patrol boat. The Sihanoukville Bay villages also have a patrol boat operated by communities to prevent destructive fishing methods.
In Chuok Tru, improved cookstoves were introduced. Seed funding from the IHOF enabled Development and Appropriate Technology (DATe), a Cambodian NGO, to do field trials of the stove, conduct market research, and write a funded proposal. The “project has been a spectacular success”: 1600 families are now engaged in the production of these stoves , including 80% of the families in Chuok Tru District. The stove itself uses 30-50% less charcoal and produces more heat, thus saving mangroves from cutting for charcoal. The stoves sell for $1-1.50, and 25-30K stoves per month are sold by retailers who buy the stoves directly from the producers.
IHOF #8 cemented relations with the Cambodian communities and PMCR of the GOC and led to the CBEMR project funded by the McKnight Foundation on mangrove restoration, fisheries conflict resolution, solid waste management, and construction of a floating CCRC on Tonle Sap.
Project Title : In the Hands of Fishers Workshop # 10 Type : IHOF Workshop Location : Kuala Indah, N. Sumatra, Indonesia Start Date / End Date : May 24-27, 2004 Collaborators, Partners and Supporters : Supported by WWF- Environmental Fund for Nature; IUCN Nederland – tropical Rainforest program; and the Goldman Fund. Partnered with JALA (N. Sumatra Fisherfolk Advocacy Network) and P3MN (Research and Development for Fisherfolk).
The workshop was the result of recommendations of participants of IHOF #3 to revisit sustainable alternative livelihoods and trawler issues in local fishing waters.
The goals of the workshop were:
1) to allow fisherfolk to share ideas and experiences in stopping destructive fishing practices in the region;
2) to empower and support fisher leaders to become more effective leaders;
3) to share case studies of community-based management of coastal resources;
4) to present ideas for alternative sustainable livelihoods; and
5) to form a network amongst groups to exchange knowledge, skills, and support for sustainable coastal resource management.
The 4-day IHOF workshop included:
a) field trips to local villages, mangrove forests, and a mangrove rehabilitation site;
b) discussions on trawling, alternative sustainable livelihoods, women/gender issues in fishing communities;
c) demonstrations and practice for toolkit options: Nypah utilization/making palm sugar; catching/processing/exporting crab meat (Blue Manna Crabs) to cut out middlemen; improved cookstoves; and mangrove rehabilitation (EMR);
d) training in action-research problem-solving;
e) consciousness-raising on gender roles in relation to mangrove conservation and usage; and
f) participants sharing situations in their own regions and communities such as trawler problems, gender roles, alternative livelihoods, ecotourism, polyculture of grouper/oysters, and clamming.
Changes were made in workshop format from IHOF #3 per participant recommendations. This workshop was held in a small fisherfolk village (Kuala Indah) and participants were boarded in local fisherfolk homes. Local villagers did preparations, food, transport, and constructed public restrooms; thus the IHOF workshop was an instrument of community capacity-building and development, including direct economic benefits. Other recommendation followed up from the workshop, especially more hands-on livelihood demonstrations.
Highlights / Milestones
The CCRC at Kuala Indah was constructed using bamboo with Nypah thatch roofing as the site for this IHOF. Although it was blown down in July 2006 by a tornado, the CCRC was rebuilt and continues to serve as a site for children education and meetings of fisherfolk and community members.
Villagers of Kuala Indah and Gombus Laut trained in improved cookstove use were able to lead the demonstrations of their use to other participants. Participants also saw a model of Gombus Laut, which provided 8 poorer villagers with mangrove crab traps for use in an area restored by the government with the help of villagers which had been cut for charcoal. The villagers will report illegal charcoal making to village leaders.
The workshop also featured a training in action research problem-solving utilizing field observations of villages, problem-identification (creative technique: drawing murals), constructing interviews to investigate problems observed, and creating solutions. Action planning is also a visual activity, usually combining the use of maps, PowerPoint, mural drawing, role playing and presentations. The final day of the workshop also included an unexpected rescue of an Indo-Pacific Hump-Backed dolphin spotted on the beach.