In the Hands of Fishers Workshop #8
Project Title : In the Hands of Fishers Workshop #8
Type : IHOF Workshop
Location : Koh Kong Province, Cambodia
Start Date / End Date : August 11-14, 2003
Collaborators, Partners and Supporters : Supported by the Open Society Institute; partnered with the Participatory Management of Mangrove Resources (PMMR)
MAP’s 8th IHOF workshop brought together participants from the 1st IHOF in 1999, completing a “round robin” the IHOF cycle. The IHOF workshops provide a forum for fisherfolk to learn from each other, access new ideas, strengthen their roles as community leaders; to promote concepts of co-management or community-based management; to provide opportunities for participants to witness successful projects/models they can apply back home; and to develop networks among local peoples and NGOs for information exchange and problem solving across national boundaries. Participants included 52 fisherfolk and NGO leaders. 34 individuals hailed from Cambodia (Sre Ambel, Tonle Sap, Koh Kong Fisherfolk; PMMR, AFSC, FACT, CFDO, WWF, CEP, CZM, OXFAM, CFSP), 9 from Thailand (Koh Yao Noi and Ban Pred Nai Fisherfolk, RECOFTC, CBET, REST), Sri Lanka-7 (SFFL), and 2 from Myanmar (MSN).
The 4-day IHOF workshop included: a) presentations by attending fisherfolk; b) field trips to local villages and the Peam Krasop Wildlife Sanctuary; c) NGO’s presentations on Community-Based Community Resource Management (CBCRM) efforts; d) 2 hands-on toolkit workshops: one on improved cook-stoves; other on creating village savings group and making food products from mangroves, such as herbal mangrove crackers, sweet and spicy Graspid crabs.
The Small Fishers Federation of Lanka (SFFL) made a presentation of its programs, highlighting especially mangrove plantings, mangrove-based livelihoods, and CCRC. Other fisherfolk presented their programs, shared challenges and accomplishments Koh Yao Noi shared on the Community-Based Tourism in Thailand. The Ban Pred Nai Fisherfolk discussed the eradication of shrimp farming; implementation of forest inventory and a Forest Management Plan, trust fund for loans for farmers, community monitoring and sustainable fish farming. The Peasm Krasop Wildlife Sanctuary (PKWS) presented on local community use and management of the sanctuary. Cambodian participant group Sre Ambel presented on sustainable fisheries livelihoods with community management and monitoring. Tonel Sap, also from Cambodia, presented on fisherfolk input to provincial government in relation to fishing practices.
Presentations were also made on the field trips to Koh Yao Noi and Bam Pred Nai and PKWS dialogues with the villagers. Participants shared what they learned from field trips and concepts to bring home, such as: village management committees for conservation; methods to stop illegal practices such as patrolling groups, signage with regulations; better cooperation with the government; regulation of local fishing: e.g. trawlers keep distanced from coast, disallow coastal bag nets in channels; create strategies for seagrass management; and learning garbage/solid waste management. A presentation on the Tiwoho CCRC, highlighting use of local building materials (bamboo) and the uses of CCRCs sparked a great deal of interest , including discussions about setting up CCRC at PKWS and other places. A hands-on cooking exercise by CFSP showed the advantage of Samaki improved cookstoves and participants were given opportunities to follow up.
The workshop confirmed MAP’s local-global-local paradigm for problem-solving. First, fisherfolk are involved in local investigations and identification of community-level problems. Next, fisherfolk search globally (internationally) for information to clarify and resolve community issues. IHOF provides the forum for these discussions. Finally, fisherfolk go home and act locally.
Highlights / Milestones
Following the workshop, the Chuoy Pros Seagrass Conservation Area was established by 4 coastal communities in Cambodia as a “Community Federation.”
In Cambodia, a village environmental waste management project was started with seed funding and help from PMCR to implement garbage bins, regular waste collection, and waste pits; in Koh Kapii, organic waste is composted and used in family gardens. The Koh Kyong Community Fishery Project in Cambodia was able to appropriate a community coastal patrol boat. The Sihanoukville Bay villages also have a patrol boat operated by communities to prevent destructive fishing methods.
In Chuok Tru, improved cookstoves were introduced. Seed funding from the IHOF enabled Development and Appropriate Technology (DATe), a Cambodian NGO, to do field trials of the stove, conduct market research, and write a funded proposal. The “project has been a spectacular success”: 1600 families are now engaged in the production of these stoves , including 80% of the families in Chuok Tru District. The stove itself uses 30-50% less charcoal and produces more heat, thus saving mangroves from cutting for charcoal. The stoves sell for $1-1.50, and 25-30K stoves per month are sold by retailers who buy the stoves directly from the producers.
IHOF #8 cemented relations with the Cambodian communities and PMCR of the GOC and led to the CBEMR project funded by the McKnight Foundation on mangrove restoration, fisheries conflict resolution, solid waste management, and construction of a floating CCRC on Tonle Sap.
Costs : ?
Resources and Links:
In the Hands of Fishers Workshop #8 pdf file