Mangrove Restoration and Reforestation in Asia
Project Title : Mangrove Restoration and Reforestation in Asia, a Project for Knowledge Exchange and Action to Protect Climate change, Forest and Biodiversity
Type : CBEMR
Location : India, Sri Lanka, Cambodia and Thailand
Start Date / End Date : 2012 – 2015
Collaborators, Partners and Supporters : Funded by the Ministry or Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and the Foundation Ursula Merz; partnered with the Center for Research on New International Economic Order (CReNIEO), India, the Fisheries Action Coalition Team (FACT), Cambodia, the Nagenahiru Foundation, Sri Lanka, the EMACE Foundation, Sri Lanka; and the Global Nature Fund of Germany, the project holder.
MAP-Asia is one of the five project implementers in this four-year project. This new project is led by the Global Nature Fund and is generously being funded by the Ministry or Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and the Foundation Ursula Merz, both of Germany.
This regional mangrove restoration project involves four countries in Asia and five NGOs. Besides MAP-Asia in Thailand there are two partners from Sri Lanka: EMACE Foundation and the Nagenahiru Foundation. The Center for Research on New International Economic Order (CReNIEO) from India is working on mangrove restoration at Pulicat Lake in Tamil Nadu state. The Cambodian representative organization is the Fisheries Action Coalition Team (FACT). MAP is learning and networking with these four partners over four years as the project puts a strong emphasis on knowledge sharing which is facilitated through an annual exchange meeting hosted by one of the partners.
MAP-Asia will be restoring 10 hectares of mangrove using Community-Based Ecological Mangrove Restoration (CBEMR) in coastal Trang Province, Thailand; building community capacity and awareness; undertaking a biodiversity study; and developing a conservation management plan, amongst other actions. MAP plans to restore the hydrology of abandoned shrimp ponds and other sites currently without sufficient tidal exchange and then allow nature do the seeding. As part of the project launch workshop in Krabi, Thailand in March, MAP-Asia held a three-day CBEMR training workshop for the partner organizations. This training helped partners to incorporate the best CBEMR practices into mangrove planting projects and use CBEMR at pilot demonstration sites. Building local capacity to prevent further destruction of mangroves will also be an important aspect of the project.
This CBEMR and sustainable livelihood work in Trang Province will soon be expanded through a new MAP project set for 2013, Ecosystems Protecting Infrastructure and Communities (EPIC), funded by the Government of Germany and led by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). EPIC seeks new evidence for the capacity of healthy and well-managed ecosystems to prevent or mitigate disasters from tsunamis and the extreme weather events provoked by climate change. Mangroves’ ability to protect coastal communities was dramatically highlighted by the 2004 tsunami- where mangroves had earlier been destroyed, the loss of life was much greater. Through EPIC, MAP will restore abandoned shrimp ponds and former rice paddies to mangroves using CBEMR.
The following is from the Global Nature Fund Project Page: In conjunction with four project partners over 100 hectares of the degraded mangrove forests will be reforested. Additionally, data on all animal and plant species occurring in the area will be collected. They will serve as the basis for the development of country-specific long term protection concepts.
To relieve pressure on the eco-systems in the long run, opportunities of alternative income generation will be developed in conjunction with the local population. Additionally, within the framework of environmental education programmes, the people shall be motivated to practice sustainable behaviour and lifestyle.
Another goal is the establishment of an international network for the protection of mangroves, which will regularly meet to discuss activities and exchange experiences and knowledge, which will be published in a guidebook.
Highlights / Milestones
From the Global Nature Fund project page: The designated areas will be prepared prior to the mangrove restoration. The necessary mangroves will be grown in tree nurseries and so-called “household or community gardens”.. In Thailand, the areas are restored according to the very successful EMR (Ecological Mangrove Restoration), a “gentle” method working with nature which is based on the natural regeneration of forests. Additionally, all partners will collect data on the population and diversity of species in order to prepare a long term conservation concept. They will also meet regularly to exchange information on the success of the activities.The local population will be closely involved in the implementation of the measures. In addition to their collaboration in the tree nurseries, environmental education centers and demonstration gardens will be established to inform school classes, tourists and local residents about the importance of and threats to mangroves, and conservation measures as well as the sustainable use of the mangrove ecosystems.
130,780 Euro (BMZ 75%, MAP 15%, GNF-Merz Foundation 10%)