Demonstration and Training Course
Project Title : Restoration Training Course on Ecological Mangrove and Demonstrating Ecological Mangrove Restoration
Type : CBEMR
Location : Ban Talae Nok, Sumsamran District, Ranong Province, Thailand
Start Date / End Date : Dec. 13th, 2009; 2009-2010
Collaborators, Partners and Supporters : Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ – Germany), International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN); Mangroves for the Future (MFF)
The CBEMR training took place over two days within two locations (Ban Tale Nok, Ranong Province and Krabi Town, Krabi Province). It involved field trips to both MAP-Asia EMR project sites where participants were presented with discussions regarding issues faced by each. The training involved a mixture of presentations, learning exercises, and Q&A sessions. The final session involved an in-depth review and reflection discussion on the EMR process and overall training.
The goals of the training were:
1) to engage and empower the Ban Talae Nok community fully in the mangrove restoration process;
2) to train the community in CBEMR methodology; 3) with community engagement, to restore mangroves to 2.4 ha of abandoned shrimp ponds;
3) to establish a demonstration of alternative livelihoods;
4) to revise the EMR manual from participant input; and
5) to work with the community to develop a community-specific mangrove resource management plan.
The training workshop activities included consultations with community and stakeholders to obtain a buy-in and to reach a resolution of land tenure issues in order to secure the restoration site. The workshop also included a restoration site survey and a reference forest site study, with the goal of restoring the natural hydrology to the abandoned shrimp pond site. Participants were engaged in Nypa planting, supplementary livelihood development, and community capacity building in natural resource management. The CBEMR workshop was documented on video for future study and posterity.
Highlights / Milestones
The community was fully engaged in the project, including the BNT Youth Group, which was an unexpected positive outcome. A restoration site survey (mapped on 5m grid using an auto level to measure strata height) and reference study were completed, and hydrology was restored to the site with hand digging participation by 36 villagers. This increased community participation and the sense of ownership of the project. MAP discovered there is better control with hand-digging, the villagers get sweat equity, and the project and funds stay within the community. The physical work of adjusting the hydrology of the site involved MAP staff and villagers working together which also helped develop a stronger relationship.
Villagers provided feedback that they have seen a noticeable increase in both vertebrates and invertebrates at each restoration site – at Tam Rak, there are more oysters and clams. The villagers also indicated the need to simplify the technical language in the Thai language version of the EMR manual.
0.64 ha of mangroves were restored using EMR principles and methods. Nypa Palm planting was completed on 1/3 of the site; the plants were obtained from the community’s own nursery. This helped build stewardship and will help improve alternative livelihoods (thatch and cigarette rollers made from Nypa). A 10-minute video of the EMR process at Ban Talae Nok was recorded, which has become a useful teaching tool. The site at Ban Talae Nok is now used as a demonstration site and regularly visited by study groups, homestay tourists and students. The demonstration site supports the Ban Tale Nok village homestay project which is utilized by study group visits.
Photo sheet of EMR activities at BTN pdf file