The MAP News, 291st Ed., 23 June 2010
This is the 291st Edition of the Mangrove Action Project News, June 23, 2012.
For the Mangroves,
Mangrove Action Project
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SHRIMP LESS, THINK MORE campaign has changed it’s name to QUESTION YOUR SHRIMP:
Learn more about the affects of the shrimp industry on mangroves by visiting our blog.
Join MAP on Facebook
Sign the Consumer’s Pledge to avoid imported shrimp
Petition Panama Leaders to Protect Panama Bay SAMPLE LETTER
Support Bimini Island’s Marine Protected Area by Clicking Here
Many thanks to you all for joining in the campaign letter to the Thai Prime Minister in support of the Thai land reform movements. READ THE BLOG
End the Destruction of Sea Turtles inGrenada
The State of Grenada could help saving the last remaining turtles of the Caribbean by adopting serious anti-hunting laws and promoting economic advantages in sea turtle watching for tourists. We need your help. Please take just a few seconds to sign the petition
Legal Petition to stop the Multi-Billion Lamu Port Project Sign The Petiton
MAP Calendar Sponsors Wanted – Help support next year’s calendar now. READ MORE
Support MAP’s Efforts
CALLING FOR MANGROVE ART SUBMISSIONS!
A fun and exciting Art Contest for children 6 to 16 years old. We invite all primary school children from tropical and sub-tropical nations, and whose schools are located near mangroves, to create art telling us “why mangroves are important to my community and me?”. Selected winners will be published in a 2013 calendar to be distributed internationally to raise awareness of mangrove forest ecology. This creative contest aims to promote appreciation and awareness of mangrove forests, and to encourage and listen to creative voices of children living in mangrove areas. Help us launch this program in your school by contacting science and art teachers in your area and encourage them to work together on this fun and innovative project. READ MORE
Support MAP through Reading
Purchase a copy of Kennedy Warne’s book Let Them Eat Shrimp: The Tragic Disappearance of the Rainforests of the Sea at www.letthemeatshrimp.org. Just add the promo code 5MAP at check-out and you’ll receive a 25% discount off the cost of the book plus 10% of the proceeds will go back to the organization to support their efforts to save mangroves. PLEASE PASS THIS INVITATION ON TO YOUR FRIENDS AND COLLEAGUES MORE INFO
Support MAP through Art!
Enma Saiz has released only 50 signed reproductions.
Support MAP through Kayaking!
Book your Mangrove Kayak adventure and MAP receives a portion of proceeds to contiue its work!
URGENT – VOLUNTEERS NEEDED!
MAP is looking for volunteer interns for its Thailand Headquarters – READ MORE
MAP’s VOLUNTEER INTERNS HELP MAP MAKE A BIG DIFFERENCE
View MAP’s uploaded Videos at MAPmangrover’sChannel
“Education In The Mangroves” can now be seen on the PhotoPhilanthropy website here!
Marvellous Mangroves A Curriculum-Based Teachers Guide.
By Martin A. Keeley, Education Director, Mangrove Action Project
Read this 10 page history of the development of MAP’s educational curriculum VIEW DOCUMENT
Education In The Mangroves
Six minute video features discussion of Mangrove Action Project’s Mangrove Curriculum VIEW THE VIDEO
Mangrove loss threatens community resilience
INDONESIA – Millions of hectares of mangrove forests in Indonesia are being lost to agriculture, oil palm plantations and even fish farms, making coastal communities more vulnerable to the force of tropical storms and the loss of livelihoods and products. “There’s quite a lot of evidence that mangroves reduce wave and wind energy in relation to storms, and also reduce the impacts of coastal erosion,” said Ben Brown, the Indonesia representative of the Mangrove Action Project (MAP), an international NGO that works to conserve and restore mangrove areas worldwide. “Where mangroves go missing, villages and shorelines are heavily impacted in relation to storms. Some are inundated with tidal waters, whereas years ago, when mangroves were intact, these villages didn’t suffer from these effects,” he told IRIN. Indonesia has around 17,500 islands, of which about 6,000 are inhabited by over 238 million people. In 2011 the Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) detected 23 tropical cyclones off the coast, which produced high-speed winds, heavy rains and heightened tidal levels that caused flooding and structural damage to buildings and coastal infrastructure. READ MORE
Let’s Protect our Coast Lines
GHANA – The Programme Co-ordinator of Coastal Resources Centre, Mr. Kofi Agbogah has called for an integrated policy that will recognize the need for a marine protected area (MPA) in the western region. He said, “this would protect the beautiful under water life which was also for fisheries enhancement and tourism”. Speaking on the topic “the western region’s coastal resources (land and sea scapes): our livelihood or our waste repositories”, he bemoaned the wanton neglect of our coastal and marine environment especially the distraction of wetlands, lagoons, mangroves and river deltas. He explained that, wetlands supported the fisheries of Ghana and most other African countries. “Our policies, however, fall short of protecting this important wetland and aquatic ecosystem, he said. READ MORE
Ugandan Swamp Helps Stiglitz Show Benefits Beyond GDP
UGANDA – A swamp that filters sewage from Uganda’s capital Kampala is providing ammunition for Nobel Prize-winning economist Joseph Stiglitz and lawmakers from at least 86 nations seeking ways to save oceans and the atmosphere. The Nakivubo swamp, where wastewater flows from the city toward Lake Victoria, provides as much as $1.75 million a year in purification services. Without it, Kampala would need a sewage plant costing at least $2 million a year, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature. The findings helped prod the city into protecting the area. READ MORE
African nations agree to put a price on nature
Ten African nations have pledged, ahead of Rio+20, to include the economic value of natural resources in their national accounts. Africa has taken the lead in the quest to persuade nations to include the full economic value of their natural resources in their national accounts, with the promise last month by ten of its nations to do so. The heads of state or government of Botswana, Liberia, Mozambique and Namibia, along with ministers from Gabon, Ghana, Kenya, Rwanda, South Africa and Tanzania, signed the ‘Gaborone Declaration’ at the Summit for Sustainability in Africa (24-25 May), co-hosted by the government of Botswana and the nongovernmental organisation Conservation International. READ MORE
1st ASEAN congress on mangrove R&D to be held in Philippines
PHILIPPINES – The First ASEAN Congress on Mangrove Research and Development is scheduled to be held in Subic on December 3-7, 2012, according to the Department of Environment and Natural Resources. Participants will include government officials, researchers, scientists and academicians. They will concentrate on such topics as ecosystem functions and fisheries; silviculture, forest and stand; climate change adaption and mitigation; and socio-economic issues and valuations. The congress will serve as a venue for exchange of research information and updates among researchers and managers on the status of mangrove resources management in the ASEAN region, the organizer said. READ MORE
Expanding Saltern Destroys Mangroves
SRI LANKA – Deputy External Affairs Minister Neomal Perera has been accused for destroying mangroves illegally on a large extent of land along the Puttalam Lagoon in order to expand his existing saltern. According to Divisional Secretary of Kalpitiya – Ranga Fernando , the exact extent of the cleared land cannot be determine without a survey being carried out as it is a vast area which was used as a buffer zone for natural fish breeding. “The mangrove was completely bulldozed last year without taking any approval from the Forest Department.” READ MORE
Charcoal trade, fishponds tagged mangroves’ worst foes
PHILIPPINES – Charcoal production and commercial fishponds are being tagged as among the major causes of the depletion of mangrove trees in Quezon’s coastal areas. “Charcoal production from mangrove trees has become a major source of income for coastal villagers due to demand from the lechon business. But we’re now making headway in our efforts to stop the illegal trade,” said Manny Calayag, community coordinator of the Quezon-Environment and Natural Resources Office (Quezon-Enro). He said the Quezon Environment and Enforcement Group, with national government agencies and police, had set up checkpoints along Maharlika Highway to discourage the transport of products from illegally cut mangrove trees.
“The local governments have also introduced other forms of livelihood to coastal residents,” he said. Calayag also said widespread conversion of mangrove areas into fishponds had also contributed to the mangroves’ destruction. READ MORE
Emerging Shrimp Disease in Asia Pacific: Urgent Need for Regional Consultation & Contingency Planning
THAILAND – Recently, a new emerging shrimp disease known as Early Mortality Syndrome (EMS) – Acute Hepato-Pancreatic Necrosis Syndrome or AHPNS has been reported to cause significant losses among shrimp farmers in China (2009), Vietnam (2010), Malaysia (2011) and Thailand (2012). The disease affects both P. monodon and P. vannamei and is characterized by mass mortalities (reaching up to 100% in some cases) during the first 20-30 days of culture (poststocking in grow-out ponds). Please download the NACA Disease Advisory on EMS for further details about this emerging threat (see also a poster Shotgun sequencing of bacteria from AHPNS: A new shrimp disease threat for Thailand), reproduced here with the kind permission of Prachumwat et al). This degenerative pathology of Hepato-Pancreas is highly suggestive of a toxic etiology, but anecdotal information suggests that disease spread patterns may be consistent with an infectious agent. The primary cause pathogen (considering the disease is infectious) have not been identified yet. READ MORE
Rio+20: Prince Charles in climate change warning
U.K. – The Prince of Wales has warned of the “catastrophic” consequences of inaction on issues such as climate change, at a UN sustainability conference in Brazil. Prince Charles said he had “watched in despair” at the slow pace of progress on the “critical issues of the day,” in a pre-recorded video address in Rio. He urged world leaders to adopt a more integrated approach to issues such as climate change and food security. Waiting for the worst to happen would be “too late to act at all”, he said. Rio+20, the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, is attended by heads of state and representatives from governments, non-governmental organisations and the private sector. READ MORE
Saving Bimini: A campaign to protect a Bahamian gem
BAHAMAS – Kristine Stump is a PhD candidate in Marine Biology and Fisheries at the University of Miami’s Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science (RSMAS). Her dissertation focuses on the effects of anthropogenic nursery habitat loss on juvenile lemon sharks in Bimini, Bahamas. She was the Principal Investigator of the Bimini Biological Field Station (BBFS, or Sharklab) from 2008 – 2011 while collecting field data for her degree and has been heavily involved in the process of establishing a Marine Protected Area in Bimini. Kristine has an M.A. in Marine Policy from RSMAS, and prior to entering the doctoral program, she spent five years working in Washington, DC at Ocean.US – the National Office for Integrated and Sustained Ocean Observations (now the NOAA IOOS Program). In addition, she has worked for the Census of Marine Life program office at the Consortium for Ocean Leadership in Washington, DC. READ MORE
HAWAII Whitespot on Oahu
USA – WSSV was detected during routine testing of Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) broodstock on a farm on Oahu, Hawaii as part of the Hawaii Department of Agriculture Shrimp Surveillance Certification Program (SSCP). At the time of sample collection, shrimp appeared stressed. All shrimp on the farm subsequently died. No shrimp remain on the farm, and all ponds recently used for shrimp production are presently drained and dried. The Hawaii Department of Agriculture (HDOA) is currently conducting an epidemiological investigation of the event. VIEW SOURCE
Silence to Panama Bay Wetland Exposed
Silence has been the response to denounces of the annulled enviormental protection of Panama Bay Swamp Wildlife refuge published May 30th in the Gazette despite the negative aftermath, claim the environmentalists. Two Judges in Hall Three of the Supreme Court, Livestock Development Min. Oscar Osorio, president of ARAP Board of Directors, and Manager Giovanni Lauri Carreti, approved this ruling for which some 40 NGOs blame official support to private investment in this protected park. Alida Espadafora, from the organization Ancon, reminds that Panama’s Aquatic Resources Authorities (ARAP) resolved to lower from $300,000 to $40,000 the fine on illegal mangrove cut down. READ MORE
Rio+20, New Beginning of Global Sustainable Development
BRAZIL – After three-day heated discussion, the highly-anticipated United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20) ended Friday with a final document entitled “The Future We Want,” laying out a roadmap for global sustainable development. UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon said he was “happy and satisfied” with what has been achieved during the meeting, and called the summit “a great success.” At the very beginning of the document, agreed by leaders and high-level representatives from over 190 countries, the Rio Principles were reaffirmed, renewing the world’s commitment to sustainable development. READ MORE
This is not the “future we want” Bolivian social movement response to the UN draft agreement
BOLIVIA – A warning from civil society to governments that the agreement consolidates the “green economy” and false solutions. We reject the document “The future we want” that has been approved initially and is about to be ratified by heads of state of member governments of the United Nations, and we warn civil society and progressive governments that the content of this document will deepen the structural causes that have caused the socio-environmental crisis that we face, and will not resolve this crisis, by further liberalizing the economy and the commodification of nature. The document states that the objectives put forward in Agenda 21 in Rio in 1992 and the three Conventions: Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change UNFCCC) and the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), as well as the progress made over the years, are still valid. But these important principles, including common but differentiated responsibilities, are only included in the introduction as a declaration when they should be an important part of the entire text. READ MORE
Indigenous Peoples Global Conference on Rio+20 and Mother Earth
BRAZIL – We, the Indigenous Peoples of Mother Earth assembled at the site of Kari-Oka I, sacred Kari-Oka Púku, Rio de Janeiro to participate in the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development Rio+20, thank the Indigenous Peoples of Brazil for welcoming us to their territories. We reaffirm our responsibility to speak for the protection and enhancement of the well-being of Mother Earth, nature and future generations of our Indigenous Peoples and all humanity and life. We recognize the significance of this second convening of Indigenous Peoples of the world and reaffirm the historic 1992 meeting of the Kari-Oca I, where Indigenous Peoples issued The Kari-Oca Declaration and the Indigenous Peoples Earth Charter. The Kari-Oca conference, and the mobilization of Indigenous Peoples around the first UN Earth Summit, marked a big step forward for an international movement for Indigenous Peoples’ rights and the important role that Indigenous Peoples play in conservation and sustainable development. READ MORE
Australia creates world’s largest marine reserve network, limits fishing, oil, gas exploration
AUSTRALIA – With the expansion announced Thursday, Australia will protect 3.1 million square kilometers (1.2 million square miles) of ocean. The reserves will encompass a third of the island continent’s territorial waters, which sustain more than 4,000 species of fish. Australia is surrounded by the world’s third-largest ocean territory, which provides important habitat to threatened species of whales, sharks and turtles as well as spectacular corals. Previously only 800,000 square kilometers (310,000 square miles) of Australian waters were protected. According to the Protect Planet Ocean website, only 2.85 million square kilometers (1.1 million square miles) of oceans worldwide were within marine protection areas before. READ MORE
TROUBLING NEWS FROM PANAMA
The Panamanian Supreme Court eliminated the classification for the Panama Bay Wildlife Refuge Site and Ramsar Site in May 2012. The area entered the List of Wetlands of International Importance in 2003. The court´s “logic” was that there had been lack of consultation in the designation. However, this is totally false, and landowners and developers have had their eyes on these coastal areas for urban expansion and tourist development for several years. The vast majority of the site is composed of 85,000 ha of mangrove forest and other wetland areas that stretch about 100 km from Panama City east to the border of Darién Province on Panama´s Pacific coast. Simultaneously, President Ricardo Martinelli announced that he hopes that within a year the area will be a new Cancun. Where extensive mudflats with 5 meters tidal range occur today, he plans to fill with sand to promote tourism! A coalition of Panamanian environmental groups and fishers is organizing against the government action. The environmental groups are also joined by groups opposing Martinelli´s plans to build an ocean-fill expressway around the San Felipe neighborhood in Panama City, designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1997. Last week the Technical Secretary of the World Heritage Committee stated that if this road continues in Panama Bay around San Felipe, the Committee will likely remove the site from the World Heritage List.
From Reader Daniel Suman
~ If you’d like to have the last word on this or any other mangrove related topic, please send us your submission for upcoming newsletters. We’ll choose one per issue to have “the last word”. While we can’t promise to publish everyone’s letter, we do encourage anyone to post comments on our Blog at www. mangroveactionproject.blogspot.com