Combining Ecology & Communities for sustainable & long-lasting results

“Community-Based Ecological Mangrove Restoration”

Working alongside mangrove ecologists, local NGOs, and communities, MAP promotes the ‘Community-Based Ecological Mangrove restoration’ (CBEMR) methodology, an economical and efficient way to mangrove restoration that follows basic natural processes. This well-considered model directly engages local community participation, and has proven extremely successful. Reaching far beyond mere hand planting of one species, as is typical of many mangrove restoration projects, CBEMR greatly increases the effective restoration of biodiversity to ecosystem-wide degraded mangrove forests. Natural restoration and/or manual planting of mangroves utilizing the CBEMR model is an important tool for organizations attempting to restore mangroves in a cost effective manner, helping to counter increased storm surges, rising seas, as well as the root causes of climate change.

Click here to read more about the CBEMR process

CBEMR versus Hand-Planting

What makes it different?

Mangroves are one of the world’s most vital ecosystems – and yet their complexity also makes them more difficult to restore than typical land-based forests.

The traditional and most common method of mangrove restoration is hand-planting: you may have even seen these in photo-ops, with people planting upwards of a million trees in a day. However, while these projects can make for good visuals, they often end in failure because they do not address the underlying reasons for the lack of current mangrove growth in an area. Go back a year or two after the initial planting, and you may well find that the vast majority of seedlings have perished, due to the original underlying ecological issues surrounding a degraded site not having been addressed in the first place.

Community-based Ecological Mangrove Restoration Method has much higher success rates, precisely because it addresses these ecological issues – and works with local communities, NGOs, and governments to create a sustainable network that promotes long-term health of mangrove forests.

What is CBEMR?

Community-Based Ecological Mangrove Restoration is a multi-step and multi-tiered approach to restoring mangrove forests. It begins with understanding both the local mangrove ecology, as well as the context of the surrounding local communities. Then, through partnerships with local NGOs, governments, and those communities, an ecological and community-based approach is tailor made to address each specific restoration situation.

This multi-step approach ensures that the original conditions allowing for mangrove growth are properly restored, and that local entities and the communities are integrated into the restoration – meaning that there will be guardians of a site for many years to come, thus providing a more secure and sustainable method of regeneration.


Our experts offer extended training workshops that integrate and address the needs of multiple stakeholders into the process, creating a network that brings a lasting restorative effort


A key component of the CBEMR process is understanding and addressing the underlying ecological necessities of each individual area – fixing the underlying reasons for why mangroves haven’t naturally regenerated in the first place


Working with local communities – including in networking, educational, and livelihood training capacities – is integral to the success of projects, ensuring that those living within the area will be involved in the restoration efforts

Implementing a successful method of mangrove restoration


countries MAP has given CBEMR trainings to worldwide


CBEMR demonstration sites across Thailand converting abandoned shrimp ponds back to healthy mangroves


villages involved in mangrove restoration knowledge exchange projects

Click the link below to download a PDF to learn a bit more about the CBEMR process

Learn More
Training Services

Training Services

How MAP can help your organization implement CBEMR techniques
Demonstration Sites

Demonstration Sites

using CBEMR method

Locations of CBEMR trainings & restorations around the globe. Red = Training;  Green = Training & Restoration

CBEMR General ( copy) Placeholder
CBEMR General ( copy)

Mangrove Action Project has implemented both CBEMR projects and trainings in various countries around the world, demonstrating an effective and sustainable approach to mangrove forest restoration.

MAP has actively rehabilitated mangroves in Thailand and Indonesia, as part of post-tsunami recovery, while being involved in consulting on shoreline and mangrove restoration projects elsewhere. MAP completed EMR training workshops in Cambodia, El Salvador, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Sri Lanka and Thailand, and plans additional workshops where there is interest. MAP also facilitates an EMR e-group with over 250 members worldwide sharing information and experience on more effective ways to rehabilitate mangroves. Through all of its work, MAP also raises awareness among those participating as to the importance of mangrove forests, whether participants are policy makers, local citizens, or NGOs.

Join CBEMR Group

Are you interested in bringing a training to your restoration project?

Click the link adjacent to get in touch with our team:

The Mangrove Action Project (MAP) has adopted ‘Ecological Mangrove Restoration’ (EMR) as developed by Robin Lewis of Florida. Robin successfully used the method to restore mangroves for over 30 years, and there have been a number of scientific papers written to support the technique which uses natural mangrove as a model or reference site.